Montenegro is Turning a Blind Eye to The Disinformation War
In recent years, the world has witnessed an array of strategies and tactics for waging a "new cold war". Propaganda and disinformation are among the most important and powerful instruments in this war. Montenegro is vulnerable to these trends, as well as to the disinformation strategies and tactics imported from other countries.
The mainstream media in Montenegro are not usually the initial source of disinformation. But they do create a fertile environment for groups to achieve their political goals using misinformation, by biased reporting and manipulating readers.
The media scene in Montenegro is deeply divided along political lines and lacks a mechanism for self-regulation. Because outlets are so partisan, media companies do not cooperate to set and uphold professional standards. All of this creates an environment of diminished trust in the media.
On the other hand, the media on the margins, such as anonymous web portals, tabloids, and a multitude of actors on social networks, act as fake news factories, churning out fake news and dis- and misinformation.
Montenegrian patriotic organizations during a post-election patriotic rally in Podgorica. Photo: EPA-EFE/BORIS PEJOVIC
Many of these media platforms were established solely to disinform the public or promote propaganda.
The geopolitical roots of disinformation are found in the communications strategies and tactics of global and regional political actors, promoting their agendas. These agendas are carefully shaped into disinformation and propaganda narratives.
By creating and deepening social divides, these disinformation networks are a key instrument for stirring up ethno-nationalism.
This locally-generated disinformation focuses on undermining the...