Inflation in the Eurozone Reached a 13-year High
Inflation in the Eurozone reached a record 3.4% for the last 13 years in September, according to Eurostat data. This is an increase of 0.4% compared to August. Core inflation, excluding food, energy, alcohol and tobacco, rose to 1.9% from 1.6% in August. The European Central Bank (ECB) expects the rate to rise to 4 by the end of the year, which would exceed the bank's target twice. According to the ECB, this process will be reversed and in early 2022 we will witness a decline. However, this may not happen so quickly against the background of the energy crisis in Europe and the record prices of natural gas and electricity.
"We've revised up a lot of our forecasts over the last three quarters. Things have gone faster and that's true for growth, that's true for inflation and that's true for employment," European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde told CNBC in September. However, according to experts, there is a good chance that this will not be the case and that the banks will be surprised. "We think there is a good chance that this inflation will be less transient than all central banks, including the ECB, suggest," BNP Paribas economist Luigi Speranza told Reuters.
The ECB has said it is ready to find temporary solutions to ensure that inflation does return to target, as tackling weak price growth requires unprecedented efforts, including negative interest rates and trillions of euros in asset purchases. As the program for emergency incentives amounting to 1.85 trillion euro is expected to end next March, and its tightening in the coming months is likely to be modest.
The drivers of inflation are rising energy prices, as well as the problems in the global supply chain caused by the coronavirus...