Greece’s agricultural sector is suffering

A farmer fills a spray machine with pesticide at his vineyard near the town of Tyrnavos, central Greece. Today's farmers are much better educated and trained than they were in the mid-1990s. [AP]

Greece's agricultural population is aging. The country's farmers have a low level of training and are largely stuck in the practices and reasonings of the past, characteristics that, in combination with others, affect the productivity and competitiveness of Greece's domestic primary production sector. At the same time, the level of collective organization into producer groups and cooperatives remains extremely low, not so much in terms of quantity but mainly in terms of quality, with farmers still at the mercy of other links in the supply chain, from input suppliers to retailers, as their bargaining power remains very low.

According to the latest update of the National Register of Agricultural Cooperatives in 2023, there are 1,056 collective entities listed - perhaps more than any other European Union member-state - but they are estimated to produce the lowest value per...

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