Bulgaria's Consumption and GDP Per Capita Among Lowest in EU for 2023


In 2023, Bulgarian households remained among the lowest in the EU for consumption of goods and services. According to Eurostat's latest data, Bulgaria's "actual individual consumption" (AIC) was 27% below the EU average, placing it at 73% of the European level. In contrast, Luxembourg's AIC was 38% above the EU average, reaching 138%.

AIC per capita, expressed in purchasing power standards (PPS), varied from 70% in Hungary to 138% in Luxembourg. AIC measures household material well-being by including all goods and services used by households, regardless of whether they are paid for directly by households, the government, or non-profit organizations. Eurostat's data is based on revised purchasing power parity and the latest GDP per capita data for each EU member state.

Last year, nine member states had AIC levels above the EU average, while the remaining 18 were at or below this average. The highest AIC per capita levels were in Luxembourg (31% above the EU average), Germany (18% above), and Austria and the Netherlands (both 17% above). Belgium, Denmark, France, Finland, and Sweden also had AIC levels between 7% and 15% above the EU average, with Italy matching the average.

In other member countries, AIC per capita was below the European average. Bulgaria held the penultimate position with AIC at 73% of the EU average, outperforming only Hungary, where AIC was 30% below the average (70% of the European level).

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