The HDZ and its sister party in Bosnia and Herzegovina have long advocated ethnically 'federalising' Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is in line with the HDZ's embrace of convicted war criminals who took part in a joint effort to carve up the country with Bosnian Serb separatists during the 1992-95 war.
The government of Bosnia's mainly Serbian entity, Republika Srpska, has signed a contract with Texas-based law firm McGinnis Lochridge to represent the RS and "provide general advice and representation regarding international legal and policy matters as requested by the Government from time to time".
Hodzic's assailant, Renato Marjanovic, filmed the incident. The video, which Marjanovic posted on Facebook but later removed, showed him telling his Bosniak victim: "Now, say aloud that you ask the Bosnian Serbs for forgiveness and say that you respect Republika Srpska and [Bosnian Serb political leader] Milorad Dodik."