When I expressed my concerns about the signs of a move from authoritarian rule to fascist political discourse in Turkey (in daily Cumhuriyet last week), I only wanted to underline the danger of ever increasing militarization and "statization" of politics and party in the country.
About 2.5 years ago, I wrote a piece titled, "Turkey: Fears of Illiberal Democracy." I argued that with the subordination of the Kemalist military-bureaucratic establishment by elected politicians, Turkey had finally consolidated its electoral democracy. However, this did not guarantee these elected politicians would act in liberal ways.
The political model that President Tayyip Erdo?an has been establishing for Turkey in the past two-three years ? and aims to perfect with a new constitution based on a ?presidential system? ? has been famously controversial. Erdo?an and his supporters call this model ?democracy? at its best, where the elected leader of the nation knows no limits.
If you would like to read a book these days that would help you grasp the political dynamics of post-Arab Spring societies, I would wholeheartedly recommend a new title: âTemptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East.â Penned by Shadi Hamid, an American scholar of Arab origin, the book shows how the tension in the Muslim world is not only between dictatorship