Jair Bolsonaro being was denied a second term as he mustered 49.17% votes
With 63.4 percent counted, Bolsonaro has 50.1 percent of valid votes, compared to Lula’s 49.9 percent
The sharp rise in gold prices has driven a surge of illegal mining in Brazil, much of it in the Amazon rainforest, according to a study published on Sept. 6.
Gold output in Brazil, the world's 14th-biggest producer last year, has soared since the coronavirus pandemic pushed international prices to record highs.
Jair Bolsonaro clapped back on April 29 after US actor and environmentalist Leonardo DiCaprio urged Brazilian youth to register to vote in the country's October elections - implying they should vote against the far-right president.
The Hollywood star had posted a message on Twitter Thursday saying that "Brazil is home to the Amazon and other ecosystems critical to climate change.